Comma Splice

CommaSplice“Comma Splice” by Mignon Fogarty | 24th June, 2010 | Grammar Girl.

“I decided to write about comma splices because my friend Scott Sigler has a book coming out this week, Ancestor, published by Crown. Over three years ago, when he was publishing an earlier version of the book with a smaller publisher, he asked me to read it for him and be as brutal as possible with my comments. The biggest problem I found was comma splices.

How to Use Commas
Commas are tricky because there are so many different ways you can use them, but one of the most common ways to use commas is to separate two main clauses that are connected by a coordinating conjunction.”

What Is a Comma Splice?
Comma splices seem to be Scott Sigler’s biggest problem. Here’s an example from page 114 of the original Ancestor book, where one of the characters is talking about a cow named Fonzie:

Sara obviously named that one, she was a sucker for those old “Happy Days” reruns. (wrong)

It’s easy to see in that example why the error is called a comma splice: it’s because the comma is used to splice together two complete sentences when that isn’t the function of a comma.”

Read more via Comma Splice

9 Ways to Use an Apostophe (or not)

“9 Ways to Use an Apostophe (or not)” by Mignon Fogarty. 29 October, 2015. Grammar Girl.

Apostrophes are one of the more confounding punctuation marks. If you search for signs with “grammar errors” online, most of the results will likely include an apostrophe error (which is actually a punctuation error, not a grammar error, but I digress). Here are some of the most common ways to use apostrophes—and some interesting rare cases.

1. For Possessive Nouns
2. For Compound Possession
3. NOT for Possessive Pronouns
4. For Contractions and Other Omissions
5. For Years with Omitted Numbers
6. For Rare Plurals
7. For the Past Tense and Participles of Rare Verbs
8. For Some Holiday Names (but Not Others)
9. For Certain Set Phrases

Read more via Grammar Girl : When to Use an Apostrophe :: Quick and Dirty Tips ™

Guide to Punctuation

Guide to Punctuation” by Larry Trask. University of Sussex.

The document you are looking at is a textbook, and it is written for people who find punctuation difficult. If you’re not too sure where commas ought to go, if you’re puzzled by colons and semicolons, if hyphens and apostrophes are something of a mystery to you, then this document is for you.

The document starts at the beginning and assumes no knowledge of punctuation at all. Each punctuation mark is introduced in turn; its proper use is described with the aid of lots of examples; wherever possible I give you some simple rules for checking your punctuation.

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